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10 Common Crypto Trading Terms and Their Meanings

Cryptocurrency has taken the world by storm, with many people jumping onto the bandwagon to invest in it. However, with new investments come new terms, and it's important to understand the lingo that comes with cryptocurrency trading. In this blog post, we will go through 10 common crypto trading terms and their meanings to help you navigate the world of cryptocurrency trading.

1. Blockchain

The blockchain is a decentralized digital ledger that records transactions in a secure and transparent manner. It is the technology that underpins most cryptocurrencies and is responsible for their decentralized nature. A blockchain is essentially a distributed database that stores data blocks in chronological order. Every block contains a set of transactions that have been validated by the network of users. Once a block is added to the blockchain, it is nearly impossible to alter it, making the blockchain a secure and reliable system.

Read: Blockchain Explained — A Beginner’s Guide to Understanding Blockchain

2. Mining

Mining is the process by which new cryptocurrency is created and validated. It involves solving complex mathematical problems using computer hardware, which helps to maintain the integrity of the blockchain. Miners are rewarded with new cryptocurrency for their efforts, and they play an essential role in the operation and security of the blockchain. Mining can be done by individuals or mining pools, and it requires a significant investment in hardware and electricity.

3. Wallet

A wallet is a digital tool that allows users to store, send, and receive cryptocurrency. There are several types of wallets available, including software wallets, hardware wallets, and paper wallets. A software wallet is a digital wallet that is stored on a computer or mobile device. A hardware wallet is a physical device that stores cryptocurrency offline, providing an extra layer of security. A paper wallet is a printed copy of a public and private key that can be used to store cryptocurrency offline. It is important to choose a reliable and secure wallet to ensure the safety of your cryptocurrency.

4. Altcoin

An altcoin is any cryptocurrency that is not Bitcoin. Altcoins include Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin, and many others. The term "altcoin" is derived from the fact that these cryptocurrencies are considered an alternative to Bitcoin, which was the first cryptocurrency to be created. Altcoins have different features and use cases compared to Bitcoin, and they often have unique characteristics that set them apart.

5. Market cap

Market capitalization, or market cap, is the total value of all coins or tokens in circulation for a particular cryptocurrency. It is calculated by multiplying the total number of coins or tokens by their current market price. Market cap is an important metric for investors because it gives them an idea of the overall size and popularity of a particular cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrencies with a high market cap are often considered to be more stable and reliable investments.

Related: Beginners Guide to Investing in Cryptocurrency 2023

6. Hodl

Hodl is a term used to describe a long-term investment strategy where investors hold onto their cryptocurrency without selling it. This term was coined after someone misspelt "hold" on a Bitcoin forum. The idea behind hodling is to avoid the volatility and fluctuations of the market and to wait for the value of the cryptocurrency to increase over time. Hodling requires patience and a strong belief in the long-term potential of cryptocurrency.

7. FUD

FUD stands for "fear, uncertainty, and doubt." It is a term used to describe negative sentiment in the cryptocurrency market, often fueled by rumours or misinformation. FUD can cause panic selling, which leads to a drop in the price of the cryptocurrency. FUD is often spread by those who have a vested interest in seeing the price of a particular cryptocurrency drop.

8. Whale

A whale is an individual or entity that holds a large amount of cryptocurrency. Whales are known to have a significant impact on the market when they buy or sell their holdings. When a whale sells a large amount of cryptocurrency, it can lead to a drop in the price of that cryptocurrency. Similarly, when a whale buys a large amount of cryptocurrency, it can lead to an increase in the price of that cryptocurrency.

9. Bull/Bullish

A bull is someone who believes that the price of the cryptocurrency will increase. When the market is experiencing a bull run, it means that prices are rising. A bull market is usually characterized by high trading volumes, positive news, and a general sense of optimism in the market. Bulls are often optimistic about the long-term potential of cryptocurrencies and believe that they will eventually replace traditional currencies.

10. Bear/Bearish

A bear is someone who believes that the price of the cryptocurrency will decrease. When the market is experiencing a bear run, it means that prices are falling. A bear market is usually characterized by low trading volumes, negative news, and a general sense of pessimism in the market. Bears are often cautious about the long-term potential of cryptocurrencies and believe that they may not be a reliable investment.

Related: Top Crypto Trading Strategies


Understanding the language and terminology used in the cryptocurrency industry is crucial for anyone looking to invest or trade in this market. These ten common crypto trading terms and their meanings provide a solid foundation for anyone looking to learn more about cryptocurrency trading. By familiarizing yourself with these terms, you can navigate the market with greater confidence and make informed decisions about your investments. As the cryptocurrency industry continues to evolve and grow, it is essential to stay up-to-date with the latest trends and developments to maximize your potential returns.

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